Sustainability and organic production in EU agriculture
#helpfulinformation
Agricultural sustainability has always been on agenda in the countries, that produce goods both for inner consumption and for export. In European Union sustainability policies for producers and farmers controlled through the Common Agricultural Policy (CAP) developed by the European Commission. [1] The goal of the policy is to ensure that agriculture and forestry in the EU is socially, economically and environmentally sustainable. CAP is aimed to interconnect social, environmental and economic sustainability.


[1] European Commission is the executive branch of the European Union, responsible for proposing legislation, implementing decisions, upholding the EU treaties and managing the day-to-day business of the EU.


This combined approach, which requires the latest advances in knowledge and innovation, makes it possible to achieve an inclusive, competitive, and environmentally friendly future for Europe.
Some of the key actions of the policy include:
· Biodiversity strategy, aimed at protecting and enhancing the variety of plants and animals in the rural ecosystem;
· Climate action, to achieve the goal of net-zero emissions in the EU by 2050;
· Forestry strategy, to maintaining healthy forests;
· Zero pollution action plan, to safeguard natural resources such as water, air and soil.

One of the most important roles of CAP is to promote and support organic farming which requires a limited environmental impact.
Organic farming includes:
· the responsible use of energy and resources;
· biodiversity maintenance;
· preservation of regional ecological balances;
· enhancement of soil fertility;
· maintenance of water quality

all these actions are taken not only to provide a fair marketplace for producers, distributors and marketers but also to satisfy consumers' demand for trustworthy organic products.

To ensure that the product meets all the requirements stated by the policy of organic farming a special logo is used. This logo is called Euro-list and can only be used on products that have been certified as organic by an authorised control agency. The logo certifies that the products that have it fulfilled strict conditions on how they are produced, transported and stored.
Organic production has various regulations which have to be met by law. These regulations include some key principles such as:
· prohibition of the use of GMOs;
· forbidding the use of ionising radiation;
· limiting the use of artificial fertilisers, herbicides and pesticides;
· prohibiting the use of hormones and restrict the use of antibiotics.

Strict compliance and control of the stated regulations and principles allows EU to maintain one of the key agricultural players on the global market whilst supporting the ecosystems and local producers.